Resumos Notícias

Resumos notícias mês a mês CrisisWatch Database – International Crisis Group

Guinea-Bissau  |  1 Jun 2012

Junta, ECOWAS, opposition parties 11 May agreed to nominate Serifo Nhamadjo to preside over 1-year transition; Rui Duarte Barros named PM 16 May. Majority party PAIGC and CPLP strongly criticised ECOWAS for “legitimising coup d’état”. ECOWAS 19 May started deploying 629-strong Burkinabè/Nigerian/Senegalese security force. Angolan official 31 May said departure of MISSANG soldiers expected 2-10 June. UNSC 18 May imposed sanctions on coup leaders, demanded legitimate democratic govt. EU 31 May said does not recognise interim govt, broadened own list of sanctions targets.

“Angolan troops to leave Bissau next week- Official”, Reuters, 31 May 2012.

Guinea-Bissau  |  1 May 2012

Soldiers 12 April staged military coup, detained for over 2 weeks interim President Pereira and PM Gomes Júnior, widely expected to win presidential run-off originally scheduled 29 April; said acted to avert “Angolan aggression” by MISSANG forces stationed in Bissau. ECOWAS 27 April gave junta 72-hour ultimatum to accept 600-strong force, 12-month transition to civilian rule. CPLP 14 April demanded international intervention; Brazil said willing to lead stabilisation force. Following failure of negotiations with Chief of Staff António Indjai, ECOWAS 30 April imposed sanctions, threatened use of force to restore civilian rule. Portugal 15 April sent 2 navy ships, military plane to Cape Verde in preparation to evacuate nationals. Junta 16 April announced creation of transitional institutions to carry out 2-year roadmap to elections, proposed Parliament Speaker Serifo Nhamadjo as president; Nhamadjo rejected offer.

“G.Bissau junta vows to fight if foreign troops intervene”, AFP, 20 April 2012.

Guinea-Bissau  |  1 Apr 2012

Elections held 18 March in calm, but opposition candidates denounced fraud and rejected results in advance of vote. UNSG Ban 19 March praised peaceful election, but urged calm; international observers, ECOWAS, CPLP said poll free and fair. Fears of violence sparked by 18 March killing of former military intelligence chief Colonel Samba Djaló; ex-army Chief of Staff Zamora Induta fled to EU compound 22 March. Electoral commission 21 March said PM Carlos Gomes Júnior won first round with 49%, will face former President Yalá in 22 April run-off. 5 main challengers to Gomes, including Yalá, withdrew from race alleging large-scale fraud and irregularities; submitted evidence to electoral commission.

“Kumba Yalá boicota segunda volta das presidenciais”, Semanário SOL, 22 March 2012.

Guinea-Bissau  |  1 Mar 2012

In controversial vote PAIGC 4 Feb named PM Carlos Gomes Júnior as candidate to contest election scheduled 18 March; 13 other candidates announced intention to run, including former President Yalá. EU 17 Feb announced elections observer mission.

“Tempestade no PAIGC”, Gazeta de Notícias, 17 Feb. 2012.

Guinea-Bissau  |  1 Feb 2012

Increased potential for political instability, civil, military unrest following death of President Sanhá 9 Jan, 26 Dec coup attempt. ECOWAS, UNSG Ban called for peaceful power transfer in accordance with constitution; despite initial rejection by some opposition parties, National Assembly president Raimundo Pereira appointed interim president, election scheduled for 18 March.

“Malam Bacai Sanhá morreu”, Gazeta de Notícias, 9 Jan. 2012.

Guinea-Bissau  |  2 Jan 2012

Renegade soldiers 26 Dec assaulted Bissau army HQ in attempt to remove army chief Indjai; Angolan MISSANG troops intervened to prevent abduction of PM Gomes Júnior; at least 2 killed. Navy chief Bubo na Tchuto, former army chief Watna na Lai and at least 30 others – including several politicians – accused of orchestrating attack, held in Mansoa military garrison. UNSG Ban 27 Dec condemned use of force to settle differences, AU 29 Dec appointed Burkinabé President Compaoré mediator. Govt, Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) and ECOWAS failed to reach security sector reform agreement; army chief said deployment of ECOWAS troops could plunge country into turmoil. Tensions continued between opposition and ruling PAIGC over President Sanha’s health, possible replacement by National Assembly President Raimundo Pereira, role of MISSANG troops. UNIOGBIS mandate extended until Feb 2013.

“Two dead as Bissau troops hunt ‘failed coup’ suspects”, AFP, 26 Dec. 2011.

via CrisisWatch Database – International Crisis Group.

Anúncios

FACT SHEET FOR THE SECURITY COUNCIL BRIEFING ON GUINEA-BISSAU


From 18 March Presidential Election to 4 June Security Council briefing

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION (FIRST ROUND)

18 March: Guinea-Bissau citizens peacefully cast their votes in the first round of the presidential election. A few days later, international observers (AU, CPLP, ECOWAS, WAEMU, Nigeria, UK and USA) and experts from the EU and South Africa adjudged the election as transparent and credible.

In the evening of Election Day, Colonel Samba Djal6, former Head of Military Intelligence, was shot dead outside his home. National authorities subsequently publicly stated that the killing was not related to the election; an inquiry was opened.

20 March: Five presidential candidates, including Koumba Yalfi (Independent supported by the the Social Renewal Party – PRS), Serifo Nhamadj 0 (Independent PAIGC candidate), Henrique Rosa (Independent), Afonso Td (PRID) and Serifo Baldÿ (Youth Party), announced that they would reject the election results on the grounds that the election was rigged.

21 March: Provisional results were announced, giving 49% to Carlos Gomes Jfinior and 23% to Koumba Yalfi, requiring a run-off election between the two. The days following the announcement of the results were marked by public statements from the five candidates reiterating their rejection of the results and announcing a boycott of the second round. They also announced their intention to appeal to the Supreme Court.

11 April: The Supreme Court rejected the appeal of electoral fraud lodged by the five presidential candidates. The National Electoral Commission (CNE) announced that the run-off election would take place on 29 April and that a two-week official campaigning would start on 13 April.

INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS’ EFFORTS TOWARDS RESOLVING ELECTORAL

IMPASSE

31 March: A joint ECOWAS-AU-UN Mission to Bissau, led by the President of the ECOWAS Commission, met with national stakeholders (the diplomatic corps, Interim President, Government, presidential candidates, the military, the judiciary and civil society) to encourage dialogue and consensus and to urge the group of the five losing presidential candidates to seek
legal recourse to their electoral complaints, to respect the outcome, and to participate in the second round of the presidential election.

2 April: Meeting of the ECOWAS Authority in Dakar. President Alpha Condd of Guinea was appointed as ECOWAS Mediator for Guinea-Bissau crisis. On 3 April President Condÿ called SRSG Mutaboba for a briefing.

4 April: SRSG Mutaboba travelled to Conakry for preliminary consultations with President Condÿ on possible UN support to the mediation process. He also held meetings with the Angolan Minister of Foreign Affairs, who was visiting Conakry.

2, 3, 4 and 9 April: Angolan Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Defence held meetings with national authorities and international partners in Bissau regarding Angola’s intention to withdraw the Angolan technical SSR mission (MISSANG) after the military hierarchy had questioned the motive of their country’s assistance to Guinea-Bissau.

12 April: The ECOWAS Mediation, Peace and Security Council (at the level of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, with participation extended to Ministers of Defence) met in Abidjan. During the closing session of this meeting in Abidjan, the military-led coup d’ÿtat erupted in Guinea-Bissan.

COUP D’ETAT AND AFTERMATH

12 April: Military coup. Prime Minister/presidential candidate and Interim President arrested; TV and radio closed down; roads in the capital Bissau and land, sea and air borders closed. Earlier that day, the EU issued a statement expressing concern about the growing political and security crisis, urging the military to remain subordinate to civilian authorities and affirming EU support to the ongoing mediation efforts involving the AU, the CPLP, ECOWAS and the UN. An hour before the coup d’dtat, the five presidential candidates rejecting the 18 March election outcome gave a press conference. Koumba Yalfi announced a boycott of the second round, stated that he would not participate in the electoral campaign scheduled for 13 April, and warned that those doing so would bear responsibility for their actions.

From 12 April and days after the coup: Houses of ousted cabinet ministers were reported looted and high ranking officials of the government and the ruling party took refuge in diplomatic missions in Bissau fearing for their lives.

13 April: A self-styled “Military Command” claimed responsibility for the coup d’6tat; stated that the reason for their action was a “secret agreement” between the Governments of Guinea-Bissau and Angola to deploy forces under an AU mandate to “annihilate” the Guinea-Bissau military. The “Military Command” subsequently issued 22 communiqu6s in total from 13 April
to 22 May to communicate with the population and the international community. The UN Security Council considered the situation in Guinea-Bissau. DPA provided a briefing. The Council issued a press statement in which it strongly condemned the forcible seizure of power from the legitimate Government of Guinea-Bissau.

ECOWAS issued a statement to condemn the military action; demand the immediate restoration of constitutional order and the completion of the electoral process; reiterate principle of ‘zero tolerance’ of unconstitutional seizures of power. The UN Secretary-General, the Guinea-Bissau Configuration of the PBC, the AU, the EU, the CPLP and the International Organization of La Francophonie made similar condemnation. The AU, the CPLP and La francophonie subsequently suspended Guinea-Bissau, and the World Bank, the IMF and the AfDB suspended their cooperation with the country. To date, targeted sanctions have also been applied by the EU and the UN.

16-17 April: An ECOWAS mission met with the “Military Command” and other national stakeholders and international partners in order to transmit firm ECOWAS statements against the coup.

18 April: The “Military Command” and 21 political parties signed the “Agreement for the stabilization and maintenance of constitutional and democratic order” for a two-year transitional period which was rejected after condemnation, including by ECOWAS and Serifo Nhamadjo who declined the offer of the presidency.

19 April: The UN Security Council considered the situation in Guinea-Bissau. SRSG Mutaboba provided a briefing, as well as the Guinea-Bissau legitimate Minister of Foreign Affairs, representatives of ECOWAS and the CPLP, the Minister of State and Foreign Affairs of Portugal, and the Chair of the Guinea-Bissau Configuration of the PBC.

21 April: The UN Security Council issued a Presidential Statement (SiPRST/2012/15), in whichit strongly condemned the military coup, demanded the immediate restoration of the constitutional order, the reinstatement of the legitimate democratic Government, and the resumption of the electoral process interrupted by the military coup.

24 April: The AU Peace and Security Commission met at the level of Ministers of Foreign Affairs in Addis Ababa and reiterated its condemnation of the coup and the restoration of constitutional order in Guinea Bissau. SRSGs Mutaboba and Djinnit briefed the Council.

26 April: Summit of ECOWAS Heads of State and Government in Abidjan. The ECOWAS leaders reiterated their firm position in alignment with international partners; confirmed their intention to deploy an ECOWAS Standby Force in Guinea-Bissau; established a Regional Contact Group on Guinea-Bissau (led by Nigeria); and urged all stakeholders to submit to the
mediation efforts of ECOWAS with a view to agreeing on the modalities for a consensual transition through the holding of elections within twelve months. Both SRSGs Djinnit and Mutaboba addressed the Summit.

29 April: ECOWAS Regional Contact Group meeting with Guinea-Bissau national stakeholders, including the PAIGC, in Banjul. The meeting chaired by the Gambian President was inconclusive. Meetings including the PAIGC continued in Bissau under the facilitation of the Bishop of Bissau to find a consensus on the selection of an interim President. The PAIGC insisted on the reinstatement of Interim President Pereira, while the military and opposition parties insisted on the designation of Serifo Nhamadjo, the interim Speaker, as the Interim President.

30 April: Secretary-General’s report on efforts towards the re-establishment of constitutional order in Guinea-Bissau, in accordance with Security Council presidential statement of 21 April 2012 (S/PRST/2012/15).

3 May: ECOWAS Extraordinary Heads of State and Government Summit is held in Dakar. ECOWAS leaders reiterated the setting up of a twelve-month transition to be led by a transitional president elected through a vote by a new National Parliament leadership that would include the majority party PAIGC: the elected Speaker would become the Interim President while the deputy Speaker would take over as the Speaker.

7 May: The UN Security Council considered the 30 April Secretary-General’s report on Guinea-Bissau. SRSG Mutaboba provided a briefing, as well as the Guinea-Bissau legitimate Minister of Foreign Affairs, representatives of ECOWAS and the CPLP, and the Chair of the Guinea-Bissau Configuration of the PBC.

8 May: The UN Security Council issued a press statement, recalling its 21 April PRST and reiterated its readiness to consider targeted sanctions against the perpetrators and supporters of the military coup, should the situation remain unresolved.

9 May: the Military Command sent a list of 57 persons banned from leaving the country to the Migration and Border Department. The list includes members of Carlos Gomes J6nior’s government, PAIGC leaders and State officials, as well as some of the late President Malam Bacai Sanha’s advisors. The armed forces spokesperson said inclusion of individuals who were not members of the former government was a mistake and only the members of the former
government had to stay in the country until the transfer of power.

10 May” An ECOWAS delegation led by the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of Nigeria and composed of the Minister of Defence of C6te d’Ivoire, Special Advisor to President Ouattara, and the Chiefs of Defence Staff of C6te d’Ivoire and Nigeria arrived in Bissau to continue ECOWAS mediation in the crisis. The talks were attended by the PAIGC National Secretary, the full military hierarchy, the Forum of opposition political parties, the five dissenting presidential
candidates, including former President Koumba Yalit, civil society representatives and the interfaith mediation group.

At a press conference held in the course of the day, the head of the delegation ruled out the return of Interim President Raimundo Pereira and Prime Minister Carlos Gomes JOanior to Guinea-Bissau. Early in the following day, he announced that during consultations between ECOWAS and national stakeholders, it had been decided that Interim Speaker Serifo Nhamadjo would assume the function of Interim President in accordance with Article 71 of Guinea-Bissau’s Constitution. He called on Mr. Nhamadjo, in his capacity as Interim President, to conduct consultations to appoint a consensual Prime Minister who would form a government of national unity, and stated that ECOWAS would send troops to secure the 12-month transitional period, protect the population and undertake security sector reform following a formal written request
from the national authorities.

The Armed Forces Chief of General Staff, General Ant6nio Indjai, welcomed the ECOWAS’ proposals and expressed the readiness of the military to welcome the ECOWAS Force immediately. On the other hand, the head of the PAIGC delegation rejected the solution put forward by ECOWAS, which he considered unconstitutional and as a way to reward the coup d’dtat. The civil society delegation also rejected the ECOWAS’ proposal and expressed its disagreement with ECOWAS imposing a solution based on its “reading” of the Guinea-Bissau Constitution.

11 May: The ECOWAS delegation confirmed the decision on a 12-month transition led by Interim President Serifo Nhamadjo. The PAIGC rejected the “imposition of a pseudo-President of the Republic by ECOWAS” and ECOWAS as a mediator. The PAIGC position was echoed by a coalition of parties and organizations against the coup d’dtat (FRENAGOLPE).

11 and 12 May: The Guinea-Bissau League of Human Rights and the Movement of Civil Society for Peace, Democracy and Development condemned the ECOWAS proposal.

14 May: The third parliamentary session was convened but had no quorum for the first week due to the PAIGC boycott. PAIGC Parliamentarians started attending the third ordinary parliamentary session on 21 May. Eighty-nine of 100 Parliamentarians took part in the session. However, no progress was made as PAIGC Parliamentarians proposed discussions on the
political and social situation in the country following the Coup while PRS Parliamentarians
disagreed.

16 May: The Interim President of the National Assembly and 17 out 30 political parties signed a “Political Transition Pact”. The signatories to the Pact agreed to convert the function of “Interim President” into “Transitional President”, vesting Mr. Nhamadjo with the full powers of a 4 President except those to nominate and dismiss a Prime Minister. The Pact extends the legislature, which was dueto expire in November 2012, until the completion of the legislative
elections and the swearing-in of Parliamentarians. It also states that the Transitional President and Prime Minister would not be allowed to run for office in the next presidential and legislative elections. The transition period will last for 12 months as from 16 May, during which presidential and legislative elections will be held. The PRS of former President Koumba Yalfi was the only party signatory to the Pact that is represented in Parliament (28 parliamentary seats), while the PAIGC continued to object to the transitional arrangements. Mr. Rui Duarte de Barros (PRS) was appointed Prime Minister.
]
17 May: The first contingent of the ECOWAS forces ECOMIB, composed of 73 members of the Burkina Faso Formed Police Unit, arrived at Bissau. The Force is mandated to provide security for the departure of the Angolan Security Sector Reform (SSR) mission (MISSANG), secure the transitional period, and support efforts in the area of SSR within the terms of the ECOWASCPLP
road map. An additional 64 security personnel from Burkina Faso, including the force commander, Col. Gnibanga Baro, arrived at Bissau on 20 May. The ECOWAS force will be based in Cumdrd (35 km from Bissau). Following intense negotiations with political stakeholders and the military junta, the Transitional President swore in Mr. Rui Duarte Barros as Transitional Prime Minister.

18 May: The Council issued resolution S/RES/2048(2012). The National Assembly, the “Military Command” and the political parties that are signatories of the “Political Transition Pact” signed a “Political Agreement”, determining the general lines of the Transitional Government Programme. The Agreement includes a call for amnesty for the perpetrators of the 12 April coup and provides for the National Electoral Commission to undertake biometric voter registration.

19 May: ECOWAS Mediation, Peace and Security Council met in Abidjan to discuss the political situation in Guinea-Bissau and Mali. SRSG Djinnit represented the United Nations. According to a press release on 20 May, regarding Guinea-Bissau, the Council endorsed the ongoing transitional process, demanded the immediate reconvening of the National Assembly to extend its mandate and elect a new Speaker, and also the establishment of the remaining organs of the transition, including a broad-based government. The Council further urged Member States that had pledged troops to the ECOWAS mission in Guinea-Bissau to expedite actions for full deployment and requested immediate financial assistance to Guinea-Bissau to meet
contingencies.

21 May: SRSG Mutaboba briefed Dakar-resident ambassadors and representatives.

22 May: The “Military Command” stated that they had handed over power back to civilians and were henceforth returning to the barracks. Transitional President Serifo Nhamadjo appointed the cabinet of 15 Ministers and 13 Secretaries of State, including two women, to form a transitional government. The Ministry of Women, Family, Social Cohesion and Fight against Poverty was abolished. The Spokesperson for the “Military Command”, Lt. Col. Daba Na Walna, held what he said
would be the last press conference of the “Military Command” and announced the return of the military to the barracks.

23 May: The Transitional Government was sworn in. The Ministry of Women was abolished, which raises concern regarding the implementation of the National Plan for Gender Equality and Equity. The Transitional President set out the following immediate challenges: payment of salaries to civil servants; saving the current school year and improving the judiciary sector and fighting corruption. The transitional Prime Minister called on the population to be reconciled and civil servants to resume their fimctions as from 28 May. The trade unions called off the general strike 0n 25 May. Mr. Barros also said that all the agreements signed would be respected.

23 and 25 May: SRSG Mutaboba chaired meetings of international partners, ambassadors and representatives. The meeting of 25 May was also attended by the visiting CPLP Executive Secretary with the objective of discussing ways forward in implementing UNSC Resolution 2048(2012), in particular its paragraphs 2 and 3. During the 25 May meeting, a demonstration organized in front of UNIOGBIS compound by some members of FRENAGOLPE, AJOPAR and Women’s Movement was violently repressed
by the National Guard, indiscriminately beating the protesters.

24 May” The Ministry of Public Function was vandalized by unknown people and office equipment stolen. The database room containing the information of biometric census of civil servants was not damaged.

25 May” The Transitional Government held its first Council of Ministers, chaired by the Transitional President. The media reported that the former Armed Forces Chief of General Staff, Vice Admiral Zamora Induta, who had since 21 March sought refuge at the premises of the EU Delegation in Bissau, had arrived in Banjul, Gambia.

30 May 2012″ As of 30 May, 437 military and police officers from Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo have been deployed to Guinea-Bissau as part of the 629-authorized ECOWAS Force, in accordance with the 3 May decision of the ECOWAS Heads of State and Government. The withdrawal of members of the Angolan SSR mission (MISSANG) from Bissau is expected to commence by 10 June.

31 May: The EU decided to strengthen sanctions against the military in Guinea-Bissau, adding 15 people to the list of individuals banned from entering the EU territory and subject to freezing of assets in Europe.

Fonte:

Ditadura do Consenso: NOTA DO SECRETARIADO DA ONU.


Note by the Secretariat On behalf of the Department of Political Affairs, the attached paper is hereby circulated for the
information of the members Of the Security Council.

5 June 2012

GuinéBissauDocs: Resumo notícias 27 de Abril

COMANDO MILITAR

  • O Comando Militar que tomou o poder na Guiné-Bissau disse hoje em Bissau que aceitou todas as condições impostas pela Comunidade Económica dos Estados da África Ocidental (CEDEO) para resolver a crise no país.

 

CEDEAO/ECOWAS

  • The ultimatum of ECOWAS for the coup in Guinea-Bissau
    • The West African leaders to give 72 hours coup inGuinea-Bissauto restore constitutional order. They also decided to “deploy a contingent with immediate effect” in this country, plunged into fresh turmoil since the coup of April 12. From five hundred to six hundred men will be deployed.

 

PARTIDOS OPOSIÇÃO

 

SOCIEDADE CIVIL

 

COMUNIDADE INTERNACIONAL

Editado por Guiné-Bissau docs

GuinéBissauDocs: Resumo notícias 26 de Abril

26 de Abril

 COMANDO MILITAR

 PARTIDOS

Frente anti-golpe FENAGOLPE

 CEDEAO

  • Cimeira da CEDEAO hoje analisa crise na Guiné-Bissau
    • Antes desta cimeira, estava prevista a realização de um encontro preparatório em Conakry, na segunda-feira, que acabou por ser anulado, alegando a CEDEAO que o “Comando Militar”, tinha assumido o compromisso junto da missão da organização que se deslocou a Bissau, de deixar o poder para “permitir o regresso imediato à normalidade constitucional” no país.
    • A cimeira da CEDEAO deverá também debruçar-se sobre o envio para a Guiné-Bissau de uma força militar de interposição e estabilização, cujo pedido foi reiterado na segunda-feira, em Lisboa, pelo ministro dos Negócios Estrangeiros guineense, Mamadu Djaló Pires
    • “A Comunidade Económica dos Estados da África Ocidental (CEDEAO) “não tolerará mais tempo” a “usurpação do poder”

COMUNIDADE INTERNACIONAL

23 de Abril

 Comando militar

PARTIDO POLITICOS

·         Serifo Nhamadjo: “Carta de Transição Poderá Estar Caduca” (RFI em Gbissau.com)
 o        Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo jette l’éponge  (RFI)  il a décliné l’offre, (de devenir président, considérant qu’elle sortait de la « légalité ».
Deux blocs s’organisent autour de l’armée d’une part et du PAIGC d’autre part
Avec cette nouvelle situation, les militaires ont maintenant le dos au mur. Leur marge de manœuvre se rétrécit au fil des jours, et ils se disent prêts à revoir les modalités de la transition
 
SOCIEDADE CIVIL
 ·         LGDH e o Movimento Civil Contra Acordo Entre os Militares e Políticos

 COMUNIDADE INTERNACIONAL

 ·         Comissão Técnica da CEDEAO na Guiné-Bissau 
 
·         Conclusões do Conselho sobre a Guiné-Bissau 3159º Reunião do Conselho dos Negócios Estrangeiros, 23 de Abril de 2012
 
·         Chefes da diplomacia da UE vão tomar hoje posição sobre a Guiné-Bissau
 
·         Parlamentares Portugueses Discutem Questão Guineense (Lusa)
 
·         le sommet de Conakry sur la Guinée-Bissau prévu le lundi 23 avril est annulé. Le médiateur Alpha Condé a estimé que les dernières décisions prises par la junte sont trop graves (RFI)
 
·         l’ONU menace la junte de sanctions si le pouvoir civil n’est pas rétabli : La menace semble avoir eu un effet puisque la junte a immédiatement fait un pasenarrière à Bissau, assurant que l’accord de transition n’était qu’une proposition.
 
o        http://www.rfi.fr/afrique/20120422-guinee-bissau-onu-menace-junte-sanctions-le-pouvoir-civil-est-pas-retabli
 
·         Conselho de Paz e Segurança da UA vai debater situação terça-feira, em Adis Abeba